How to obtain and care for livestock in Story of Seasons: Pioneers of Olive Town.
How to Obtain Farm Facilities
On your farm, you will find a Dilapidated Coop and, later, a Dilapidated Barn. Check on them to find out what materials are required to repair them.
Once you have repaired a farm facility, you can purchase more from the carpenters workshop, and can buy upgraded versions that hold more animals.
How to Obtain Livestock
Once you have repaired the coop, you can tame the wild chicken that is roaming around the area. Similarly, once you have repaired the barn, you can tame the wild cow that is roaming nearby. Later on, you will find other types of wild livestock on your farm to tame.
After you have tamed wild livestock, you can purchase more from The Hoof House Animal Shop. Once you have leveled up your Animal Care skill, and if you have upgraded your farm facilities at the carpenters workshop, you can apply breeding kits at the animal shop to breed more livestock.
Breed Animals to Get Higher-Quality By-Products
The quality of animal by-products is limited by the generation of the animal. A first-generation animal can only produce up to 3-star quality by-products, for example. When you reach Animal Care Lv.5, you can use breeding kits at the Animal Shop to create new generations of animals. These new generations can produce higher-quality by-products than their ancestors. You can see which generation an animal is by looking in the notes in coops and barns, or on your desk in your house.
Petting and Interacting with Livestock
Be sure to pet your livestock daily to keep them happy and improve their friendship. This will improve the quality of their by-products.
Sometimes an animal will have a different symbol over their heads, such as a happy face or talking face. This means that they want to interact more. After you have done all of the bonus interaction(s) with an animal, be sure to pet them, because the bonus interactions are in addition to their daily petting.
Put Animals Out to Pasture on Sunny Days
Barns and coops come with a bell in front of the building that you can ring to call your animals out to pasture if the weather is clear. Your animals eat between 8 and 9AM, and will not need to eat fodder if they are called out to pasture before then. Your animals will automatically go inside before nightfall if they are grazing.
Quickly Putting Animals Out to Pasture
You can go into the barn or coop after ringing the bell to make all the animals go outside immediately, instead of waiting for them to come out one by one. They need to be outside between 8 and 9AM in order to graze, so going into the barn or coop to put them outside immediately can make sure that they do not eat fodder because of taking too long to go outside.
On rainy or snowy days, you will need to place fodder in the feeding troughs in your coops and barns. The general store sells fodder, as well as fodder seeds. If you build a silo, you can put fodder into it, and once you reach Animal Care Lv. 6, you can build automatic feeders and place them in barns and coops, next to the feeding trough, and set them to automatically dispense fodder.
After you have repaired the silo, you can go to the Carpenter's Workshop to build a silage if you have the required materials and money. The silage will automatically turn fodder into deluxe fodder each day, and you can set the automatic feeders to dispense it instead of the regular fodder.
Store Extra Fodder
Fodder seeds will not grow in winter, so be sure to grow plenty of extra fodder and put it in storage. You will learn crafting recipes for storage boxes at level 3 of Mining, Draining, and Logging. If you don't have extra fodder, you can always buy it from the general store.
Starting at Mining Lv.1 and Logging Lv.1, you can craft fences and gates. Fences are useful for creating enclosures around barns and coops so that if you put your animals out to pasture, they will stay in the enclosure and not wander too far for you to find. But be aware that if you do not make the enclosure large enough, your animals might appear outside of it. You can place gates between fences to make it easy to go into and out of the enclosure.